Food Security & Livelihoods
In 2022, main interventions in this sector were regular food assistance, Multi-purpose Cash (MPC) assistance, , Ready to Eat Rations (RTERs) and livelihood activities. The first and largest intervention involved the distribution of regular in-kind food assistance for 3,400 vulnerable households for 8-rounds (in total 27,200 food baskets) in Afrin & Azaz districts. Besides this, 250 referrals from GBV and Child Protection cases received food assistance through specialized caseworkers and 350 malnutrition cases referred by Health and Nutrition department were supported with food assistance. Furthermore, 100 education referral cases were received and supported with a monthly food basket.
While traditionally, Bahar had relied on in-kind food baskets that followed the recommendations of the Food Security & Livelihoods (FSL) cluster, a pilot initiative using e-vouchers was introduced in 2022 where 2800 HHs in Azaz district benefited from the e-voucher food assistant. This innovative approach was well received by local households as it offered a wider selection of commodities and stimulated market activity and vendor participation. As a result of its success, e-vouchers will be incorporated by Bahar more widely in future food assistance programs.
For rapid onset emergencies, Bahar has had the flexibility to use either Ready to Eat Rations (RTERs) or Multi-Purpose Cash (MPC). In situations where multi-agency interventions were coordinated, both of these distribution systems could be used in combination with other agencies' efforts. Additionally, MPC could be used by vulnerable persons to meet a variety of immediate needs. The most affected group that received assistance were those in internal displacement sites.
Concerning the Livelihoods interventions, BAHAR implemented a poultry breeding activity for 225 HHs, fodder distribution for 250 HHs, Vaccination, and medication kit distribution for 250 HHs, establishing Azola Hydroponic agriculture basin for 25 referred SGBV cases, and supporting disaster management group-Emergency preparedness for two communities.